Summertime is definitely here, and what kid can’t wait to get outside and play? But staying safe in the sun, and avoiding dehydration, is important.
We believe in Making Safe Simple. Here are some quick tips to help your kids avoid dehydration:
- On hot days, make sure you drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. The human body requires at least one liter of water daily.
- Dehydration means that a child’s body doesn’t have enough fluid. Dehydration can result from not drinking, vomiting, diarrhea, or any combination of these conditions. Sweating or urinating too much rarely causes it.
- Thirst is not a good early indicator of dehydration. By the time a child feels thirsty, he or she may already be dehydrated. And thirst can be quenched before the necessary body fluids have been replaced.
- Signs of dehydration in children include the following: sticky or dry mouth, few or no tears when crying, eyes that look sunken into the head, lack of urine or wet diapers for six to eight hours in an infant (or only a very small amount of dark yellow urine), lack of urine for 12 hours in an older child (or only a very small amount of dark yellow urine), dry cool skin, irritability, and fatigue or dizziness in an older child.
- If you suspect your child is dehydrated, start by replenishing their body with fluids. Plain water is the best option for the first hour or two. They can drink as much as they want. After this, the child might need drinks containing sugar and electrolytes (salts) or regular food. Also, the child should rest in a cool, shaded environment until the lost fluid has been replaced.
- Call your doctor immediately or take your child to the nearest emergency department if there is no improvement or condition is worsening.