Follow these tips to help keep you and your family safe during the cold winter months.
Before venturing outside, be aware of conditions that may cause frostbite (freezing of skin exposed to cold temperatures) and hypothermia (dangerously low body temperature).
Wear the right clothes
Wind, moisture and contact with cold surfaces can all contribute to body heat loss, so dressing appropriately is important to avoid frostbite or hypothermia.
- Waterproof coat, snow pants and boots will help keep moisture out and warmth in.
- Cover exposed skin as much as possible with gloves, a scarf and long socks, and be sure to wear a hat that covers your ears.
- Dress in layers and avoid materials like cotton that soak up moisture.
Be sure an adult is nearby when kids are playing outside and make sure everyone goes inside regularly to warm up.
- Never sled in an area where there is traffic.
- Wear a ski or bike helmet. A light stocking cap can fit under most helmets while still fitting appropriately.
- Sleds that you can steer tend to be safer than disks, flat or roll-up sleds or toboggans.
- Choose hills free of trees, ponds, ice, fences, ditches, and large bumps.
- Take turns; wait for others to sled and get out of the way before following behind.
- Always go feet first down the hill.
Skiing and snowboarding
- Wear a helmet approved for skiing, goggles and other appropriate equipment, such as wrist guards.
- Go on hills appropriate for your skill level.
- Remember skiing and snowboarding are sports; you should stretch to warm up your muscles beforehand, eat well and stay hydrated.
Choose to skate on groomed ice rinks like the ones you find at arenas or parks rather than lakes or ponds when possible. If you do go out on open water, check with the Department of Natural Resources to make sure the ice is thick enough. No matter where you skate, follow these tips:
- Wear a properly-fitting helmet and other safety gear to protect your head and joints from injury if you fall.
- Make sure your skates fit right and are laced up tight.
- If you skate outside, avoid ice with cracks, slush, and darker area of ice – these are all indicators that it’s not safe.
The Minnesota Department of Public Safety also has information on winter safety, which is available here.