Clinics and Departments

Laboratory Services

Lab Dept:

Coagulation

Test Name:

ANTITHROMBIN III, CHROMOGENIC

General Information

Lab Order Codes:

ATIII

Synonyms:

ATIII; AT3; ATIII, functional; Anti - Thrombin III

CPT Codes:

85300 – Clotting inhibitors or anticoagulants; antithrombin III activity

Test Includes:

Chromogenic Activity reported as a %.

Logistics

Test Indications:

Antithrombin inactivates thrombin and other serine proteases (activated Factors 12, 11, 10 and 9). In the absence of heparin, this process is relatively slow. In the presence of heparin, antithrombin almost instantaneously inactivates thrombin. Heterozygous deficiencies are associated with a thrombotic tendency. Homozygous state is probably not compatible with life. This activity test will detect abnormalities of both decreased levels of normal molecule and/or normal amounts of an abnormal molecule. Therefore, this activity (chromogenic) test is preferred.

Lab Testing Section:

Coagulation

Phone Numbers:

MIN Lab: 612-813-6280

STP Lab: 651-220-6550

Test Availability:

Daily, 24 hours

Turnaround Time:

4 hours

Special Instructions:

Deliver immediately to the laboratory.

Specimen

Specimen Type:

Whole blood

Container:

Light Blue top (Buffered Na Citrate 3.2%) tube

Draw Volume:

1.8 mL blood (in 2 mL tube) or 2.7 mL blood (in a 3 mL tube).

This test may be combined with other coagulation testing.

Collection:

● A clean venipuncture is essential, avoid foaming.
● Entire sample must be collected with single collection, pooling of sample is unacceptable.
● Capillary collection is unacceptable.
● Patient’s with a hematocrit level >55% must have a special tube made to adjust for the hematocrit; contact lab for a special tube.
● Mix thoroughly by gentle inversion. Deliver immediately to the laboratory at room temperature via courier or pneumatic tube.

Off campus collections:


● Must be tested within 4 hours.
● Do not refrigerate.
● If not received in our lab within 4 hours of collection, sample must be centrifuged and *platelet-poor plasma removed from cells and transferred to an aliquot tube. Freeze at -20C and deliver to the lab on dry ice within 2 weeks.
*Validation of your lab’s centrifuge for platelet poor plasma is required.

Special Processing:

Lab staff: Centrifuge in Stat Spin for 5 minutes or 10 minutes at 3000 rpm at room temperature. For primary tube testing, leave plasma on cells OR remove plasma and place in a 4 mL plastic cup; allow for 100 mL of deadspace.

Test within:
● Four (4) hours when stored in the capped tube above the packed cells 18 to 24C.
● Four (4) hours as plasma that has been separated from cells by centrifugation when stored 2 to 8C or 18 to 24C.
● Two (2) weeks when stored -20C.
● Six (6) months when stored -70C (rapidly frozen).
● Plasma must be frozen if testing cannot be completed within four (4) hours.
● Frozen plasmas are thawed at 37C for three (3) minutes, test immediately.

Patient Preparation:

None

Sample Rejection:

Improper tube; clotted sample; underfilled tubes; mislabeled or unlabeled specimens

Interpretive

Reference Range:

Age:

Range (%):

0 – 5 days:

51 – 75%

5 days – 1 month:

54 – 80%

1 – 3 months:

63 – 93%

3 – 6 months:

85 – 109%

>6 months:

92 – 118%

Critical Values:

N/A

Limitations:

If specimen contains heparin (drawn after heparin flush or after receiving heparin), results may be erroneous.

Methodology:

Chromogenic Activity Assay

References:

Harmening DH (1997) Clinical Hematology and Fundamentals of Hemostasis

Updates:

3/26/2008: Removed statement, do not tube through pneumatic tube system.
9/15/14: Off campus collection information added.



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