Clinics and Departments

Laboratory Services

Lab Dept:

Anatomic Pathology

Test Name:

BCR-ABL, p190, QUANTITATIVE, MONITOR

General Information

Lab Order Codes:

BCRP

Synonyms:

Philadelphia Chromosome

CPT Codes:

81207 – BCR/ABL1 (t(9;22)), translocation analysis, minor breakpoint, qualitative or quantitative

Test Includes:

Detect the presence or absence of BCR/ABL mRNA fusion form producing the p190 fusion protein.

Logistics

Test Indications:

Monitoring response to therapy in patients with known e1/a2 bcr/abl (p190) fusion forms.

Lab Testing Sections:

Anatomic Pathology – Sendouts

Referred to:

Mayo Medical Laboratories (MML Test: 83336/BA190)

Phone Numbers:

MIN Lab: 612-813-6280

STP Lab: 651-220-6550

Test Availability:

Daily, 24 hours

Turnaround Time:

Results are reported in 4-8 days, testing performed Monday -Friday

Special Instructions:

Complete and submit “Hematopathology Patient Information Sheet” with the specimen: Include information: patient’s name, referring (ordering) physician, specimen submitted & pertinent clinical history (include if the patient has a diagnosis of CML or other bcr/abl-positive neoplasm).

Specimen

Specimen Type:

Whole blood or Bone marrow

Container:

Lavender top (EDTA) tube

Draw Volume:

4 mL (Minimum: 1 mL) blood
3 mL (Minimum: 1 mL) bone marrow

Processed Volume:

Same as Draw Volume

Collection:

Routine venipuncture; Routine bone marrow collection.

Special Processing:

Lab Staff: Do Not Centrifuge. Specimen should remain in the original collection container. Label specimen appropriately (blood or bone marrow). Store and ship at room temperature. Forward promptly.
Specimen must arrive at Mayo within 72 hours of collection.

Patient Preparation:

None

Sample Rejection:

Mislabeled or unlabeled specimens; specimen other than blood or bone marrow; anticoagulant other than EDTA; specimens >3 days old; gross hemolysis

Interpretive

Reference Range:

Interpretive report – the presence or absence of BCR/ABL mRNA fusion form producing the p190 fusion protein is reported. If positive, the level is reported as the ratio of bcr/abl (p190) to abl with conversion to a percentage (i.e., bcr/abl {p190} as a percentage of total abl).

Critical Values:

N/A

Limitations:

This test detects only the e1/a2 bcr/abl (p190) fusion form. Other fusion forms are not detected by this assay, including those containing the BCR e13 and e14 exons, which code for the p210 protein commonly found in CML.

This test should not be used to monitor patients carrying bcr/abl fusion forms coding for the p210 protein, which includes most CML patients; #89007 "BCR/ABL p210, mRNA, Reverse Transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Quantitative, Monitoring CML" should be ordered for this purpose.

This test should not be used to screen for bcr/abl fusions at the time of diagnosis; #89006, "BCR/ABL, mRNA, Detection, Reverse Transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Qualitative, Diagnostic Assay" should be ordered for this purpose.

The precision of this assay at low bcr/abl levels is relatively poor, such that inter-run variation can be as high as 0.5 log. Only level changes >0.5 log should be considered clinically significant.

For example, if a result is given as 0.1% bcr/abl(p190):abl, then any result between 0.05% and 0.5% should be considered essentially equivalent. If the results are being used to make major therapeutic decisions, significant changes during monitoring should be verified with a subsequent specimen.

Results of this assay cannot be directly compared with results generated from other PCR assays, including identical assays performed in other laboratories. Monitoring should be performed using the same method and laboratory for each subsequent specimen.

The results of this assay cannot be directly compared with bcr/abl results obtained using FISH technology. FISH measures DNA alleles and this PCR-based assay measures mRNA transcripts. Because a single DNA allele can produce man mRNA transcripts, the values are not directly comparable.

Blood is the specimen of choice for monitoring. While most patients show similar bcr/abl levels in blood and bone marrow drawn at the same time, some patients have a consistent difference in the levels in blood and bone marrow such that altering specimen types during monitoring can lead to confusion.

Assay precision does not appear to be significantly affected by specimen transport or moderate delays in processing. However, in specimen with very low levels of bcr/abl, these conditions may cause sufficient RNA degradation to produce false-negative results. Thus, specimen should be shipped as quickly as possible and specimens >3 days old at the time of receipt will be considered unacceptable.

Methodology:

Quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)

References:

Mayo Medical Laboratories August 2013

Updates:

1/29/2013: CPT 2013 update



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