Clinics and Departments

Laboratory Services

Lab Dept:

Serology

Test Name:

CARDIOLIPIN (IGG, IGM) ANTIBODIES

General Information

Lab Order Codes:

CARL

Synonyms:

Phospholipid Antibodies (Cardiolipin Antibodies) IgG and IgM, Serum; Anti-Phospholipid Antibodies; Anticardiolipin Antibodies; Phosolipid Ab (Cardiolipin) IgG and IgM, Serum

CPT Codes:

86147 x2 – Cardiolipin (phospholipid) antibody, each Ig class

Test Includes:

Antibodies to IgM and IgG reported in MPL (IgM Phospholipid Units, Note: 1 MPL unit is 1 microgram of IgM antibody) or GPL (IgG Phospholipid Units, Note: 1 GPL unit is 1 microgram of IgG antibody)

Logistics

Test Indications:

Useful for evaluation the following clinical situations:
● Unexplained arterial or venous thrombosis
● A history of pregnancy morbidity defined as 1 or more unexplained deaths of a morphologically normal fetus beyond the 10th week of gestation, 1 or more premature births before 34 weeks of gestation caused by severe preeclampsia or placental insufficiency, or 3 or more unexplained, consecutive spontaneous abortions before the 10th week of gestation with no identifiable maternal hormone or anatomic, of maternal or paternal chromosomal causes
● Presence of unexplained cutaneous circulatory disturbance, eg, livido reticulans or pyoderma gangrenosum
● Presence of a systemic rheumatic disease especially lupus erythematosus
● Unexplained thrombocytopenia or hemolytic anemia
● Possible nonbacterial, thrombotic endocarditis

Lab Testing Sections:

Serology - Sendouts

Referred to:

Mayo Medical Laboratories (Test# CLPMG/82976)

Phone Numbers:

MIN Lab: 612-813-6280

STP Lab: 651-220-6550

Test Availability:

Daily, 24 hours

Turnaround Time:

3 - 5 days

Special Instructions:

N/A

Specimen

Specimen Type:

Blood

Container:

Red top tube

Draw Volume:

1.5 mL (Minimum: 1.2 mL) blood

Processed Volume:

0.5 mL (Minimum: 0.4 mL) serum

Collection:

Routine venipuncture

Special Processing:

Lab Staff: Centrifuge specimen, remove serum aliquot into a screw-capped round bottom plastic vial. Store and ship at refrigerated temperatures. Forward promptly.

Patient Preparation:

None

Sample Rejection:

Mislabeled or unlabeled specimens

Interpretive

Reference Range:

IgG Phospolipid (Cardiolipin) Ab, Serum for All Ages

<10.0 GPL

Negative

10.0 – 14.9 GPL

Borderline

15.0 – 39.9 GPL

Weakly positive

40.0 – 79.9 GPL

Positive

≥80.0 GPL

Strongly positive

IgM Phospholipid (Cardiolipin) Ab, Serum for All Ages

<10.0 MPL

Negative

10.0 – 14.9 MPL

Borderline

15.0 – 39.9 MPL

Weakly positive

40.0 – 79.9 MPL

Positive

≥80.0 MPL

Strongly positive

Interpretation: Positive and strongly positive results for phospholipid antibodies (> or =40 GPL and/or MPL) are a diagnostic criterion for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Lesser levels of phospholipid antibodies and antibodies of the IgA isotype may occur in patients with clinical signs of APS but the results are not considered diagnostic. Detection of phospholipid antibodies is not affected by anticoagulant treatment.

Units info:
1 GPL unit is 1 microgram of IgG antibody.
1 MPL unit is 1 microgram of IgM antibody.

Critical Values:

N/A

Limitations:

The immunoassay for phospholipid antibodies does not distinguish between autoantibodies and antibodies produced in response to infectious agents or as epiphenomena following thrombosis. For this reason, a single positive test result is not sufficient to meet accepted serologic criteria for the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome.

Comparative studies and interlaboratory proficiency surveys indicate that results of phospholipid antibody tests can be highly variable and results obtained with different commercial immunoassays may yield substantially different results.

Methodology:

Enzyme –Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)

References:

Mayo Medical Laboratory Web Page June 2012

Updates:

8/9/2005: Change in reference ranges reflecting consensus recommendations for defining results as Positive (≥40.0 PL U/mL). Ranges previously defined as for IgM as ≤10 MPL (Negative), 10.1-29.9 MPL (Weakly positive), 30.0-79.9 MPL (Positive), ≥80.0 MPL (Strongly positive and for IgM as ≤15.0 GPL (Negative), 15.1-29,9 GPL (Weakly positive), 30.0-79.9 GPL (Positive), ≥80.0 (Strongly positive).
5/7/2012: Mayo test down, temporarily moved to ARUP by Mayo. Note changes in reference ranges.
6/19/2012: Mayo resumed testing in Rochester. Specimens no longer forwarded to ARUP. Note changes in reference range and method. Ref range previously listed as: IgG: 0-14 (Negative), 15-19 (Indeterminate), 20-80 (Low to Medium Positive), 81 or higher (High Positive), IgM: 0-12 (Negative), 13-19 (Indeterminate), 20-80 (Low to Medium Positive), 81 or higher (High Positive)



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