1. Seek medical attention right away. A health care professional experienced in evaluating for concussion can determine how serious the concussion is and when it is safe for your child or teen to return to normal activities, including physical activity and school.

2. Help them take time to get better. If your child or teen has a concussion, his or her brain needs time to heal. Your child or teen may need to limit activities while he or she is recovering from a concussion. Exercising or activities that involve a lot of concentration, such as studying, working on the computer or playing video games may cause concussion symptoms to reappear or get worse. After a concussion, physical and cognitive activities should be carefully managed and monitored by a health care professional.

3. Together with your child or teen, learn more about concussions. Talk about the potential long-term effects of concussion and the dangers of returning too soon to normal activities.