- Neurosurgery — The neurosurgery program works collaboratively with sub-specialists in epilepsy, critical care, oncology, neurology, neonatology and others. The team uses the newest technology, including intraoperative MRI, mangetoencephalogram, 3-tessla (3T) MRI, and EEG monitoring. The addition of a real-time MRI-guided thermal imaging and laser technology (Visulase), provides a less-invasive surgical option for brain tumors and epilepsy. The new neurosurgery suite opened in December 2013 and offers state-of-art technology.
- Epilepsy — Children's works closely with Minnesota Epilepsy Group, to provide comprehensive care for patients with epilepsy and uncontrollable seizures. This program provides the highest quality of care and outcomes and attracts patients nationally. Children's provides long term EEG monitoring and quality care of epilepsy patients on the neuroscience unit which features 10 beds with video-EEG monitoring. The facility features fully computerized recording systems with 24-hour attended monitoring by experienced EEG technical staff.
- Neurology — The neurology physician specialists provide general neurology expertise and collaborate with subspecialists as needed to optimally manage complex neurological cases in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. Neurology treats medical illnesses of the brain, such as cerebral palsy, headaches, weakness, brain and spinal column tumors, new onset seizures and movement disorders, developmental regression, concussions, strokes, and other urgent medical conditions.
- Neonatal neurointensive care program — Located in our St. Paul neonatal intensive care unit, this program focuses on improving the neurodevelopment outcomes in very premature infants as well as in full-term babies who are at high risk for neurological injury. Nurses specialized in the care of these babies, and collaborate with neonatologists, neonatal nurse practitioners and neurologists to provide continuous bedside monitoring, assessment and management of their neurological needs. The latest EEG technology and software allows a provider to remotely view bedside brain activity 24 hours a day, and immediately address any issues that may arise.
- Concussion program — The neurosurgery team leads a concussion program at Children's, providing neurological examination and IMPACT testing, physical therapy, and other interventions as needed. The program is based in St. Paul with expansion to our Minneapolis campus to provide convenient access for patients who are treated through the Children's - Minneapolis emergency department and trauma program.
- Neuro-oncology — Our neuro-oncology program provides care to the majority of Minnesota children diagnosed with a central nervous system tumor. We use the latest treatment options for radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery through participation in national and international treatment protocols through the Children's Oncology Group (COG) and the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium (PBMTC).We work with a multidisciplinary team of experts to provide the best care possible during diagnosis, treatment and recovery. We differentiate our program through the expanded use of technology, such as the MRI-guided thermal imaging and laser therapy, and research protocols.
- Children's Sleep Center — Children's Sleep Center includes a sleep clinic and an accredited diagnostic sleep lab. In early 2014 the sleep lab expands from three to six beds and seven nights a week provides diagnostic testing for sleep-disordered breathing, sleep staging, control of respiration and esophageal pH recordings.
Other programs that may be involved in order to provide comprehensive neuroscience care:
- Neuropsychology: evaluates cognitive function before and after treatment of a brain injury or illness
- Rehabilitation therapy: trains patients to learn how to walk again after a severe head trauma, for example
- Physical therapy: helps children progress despite developmental delays
- Occupational therapy: helps children better develop motor skills
- Speech pathology: addresses difficulties in speaking due to a neurological disorder
- Craniofacial: treats a child's abnormal head shape and post surgical reconstruction
- Psychiatry: diagnoses and treats mental illness
- Developmental Pediatrics: treats developmental disabilities such as a learning disability<b
- Genetics: diagnoses and treats medical problems resulting from inherited conditions such as Down syndrome
- Orthopedics: may reset bones after trauma that may also involve brain injury
- Audiology: diagnoses and treats hearing issues after an infection of the brain
- Nutrition: helps children avoid seizures by following a prescribed diet
- Pathology and lab: tests tumors to determine if they are malignant
- Specialized nursing care: care by those who have the right skills and experience
- Social work: helps families handle moments of crisis or an ongoing disability
- Child life: may use play as therapy in healing