Anorexia Nervosa

Behavioral signs:

  • Eating tiny portions, refusing to eat, not being hungry
  • Avoiding fat, sugar and meat
  • Intense fear of being or becoming fat
  • Feeling fat even though thin
  • Unusual eating habits
  • Exercising too much
  • Depression and low self-esteem
  • Withdrawing from family or friends
  • Perfectionism
  • Feeling “huge” after eating small portion and possibly purging

Physical symptoms:

  • Unhealthy weight loss (more than 15% of body weight or much weight loss in a short span of time)
  • Stomachaches, headaches, dizziness
  • Feeling cold much of the time
  • Constipation
  • Loss of muscles
  • Loss of menstrual periods
  • Weakening of bones
  • Heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature below normal
  • Brittle hair and nails, hair loss

 

 

Bulimia Nervosa

Behavioral signs:

  • Binge eating followed by purging
  • Unusual food choices or cravings
  • Vomiting, laxative use, or diuretic use
  • Disappearing after eating, often to bathroom
  • Excessive exercise to “get rid of” calories
  • Shame or guilt after eating
  • Feeling out of control about eating
  • Eating secretly or hiding food
  • Obsession about appearance and body
  • Depression and low self-esteem
  • Poor self-control in areas other than eating

Physical symptoms:

  • Frequent changes in weight
  • Stomach pain
  • Muscle weakness, tiredness
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Loss of dental enamel
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Enlargement of cheeks and neck
  • Changes in blood chemistry
  • Sore throat, swollen glands