Zika is a virus that is transmitted mostly by bites from infected mosquitoes of the Aedes species, which live primarily in tropical climates. On Monday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a warning advising pregnant women not to travel to Miami. It’s the first time the CDC has issued a travel warning for a place in the continental U.S.
How it’s transmitted
In addition to bites from infected Aedes species mosquitoes, Zika can be transmitted through:
- Sexual activity
- From mother to unborn child
- It potentially could be transmitted through blood transfusions, but the risk is lower due to the precautions put in place for transfusions.
Tips for prevention
Just like with avoiding any other big bites:
- Use a mosquito repellent or spray with a DEET of 30 percent or less.
- Wear long sleeves and light-colored clothing.
- Remove standing water around your neighborhood.
It’s important to note that 80 percent of people who acquire Zika show no symptoms. There currently is no vaccine or medication for Zika.