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Lactobacillus (Probiotics)

How does this medicine work?

Lactobacillus (lak toe ba sil us) is a type of good bacteria also known as probiotics. It is used to limit the growth of potentially bad bacteria in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Common brand names include: Culturelle, Flora-Q, Kala, Advanced Probiotic, Bacid.

How is the medicine given?

Lactobacillus is given by mouth as a chewable tablet or capsule. It can be taken with or without food. Give with food if it causes an upset stomach.

For children who cannot swallow capsules:

  1. Choose a clean workspace. Clean the area and place items needed on a paper towel.
  2. Wash hands.
  3. Open the capsule and sprinkle contents of capsule on to soft foods (i.e. applesauce, ice cream, or yogurt) or liquid. Make sure your child takes all of the mixture.

What are the side effects?


  • Gas
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Burping

When should I call the clinic?

Call the clinic if:

  • fever, chills
  • bleeding, unusual bruising
  • cough, shortness of breath, sore throat
  • Signs of an allergic reaction:
    • rash or hives
    • wheezing
    • trouble breathing - call 911

What else do I need to know?

Some brands of this medicine many need to be stored in the refrigerator and some may need to be stored at room temperature. If you have questions about how to store this medicine, talk with your pharmacist.

Store all medicines in their original containers and away from direct sunlight or heat. Do not store in humid places such as the bathroom. Keep them out of children’s reach.

You and your child should know the names and doses of all medicines they are taking. Share this information with anyone involved in your child’s care.

If too much of the wrong medicine is taken, call the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222. If your child is unconscious or has a seizure, call 911.


This sheet is not specific to your child but provides general information. If you have any questions, please call the clinic or pharmacy.


Patient/Family Education
2525 Chicago Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55404

Last reviewed Hem/Onc 6/2015. ©Copyright

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This page is not specific to your child, but provides general information on the topic above. If you have any questions, please call your clinic. For more reading material about this and other health topics, please call or visit Children's Minnesota Family Resource Center library, or visit

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