First Aid: Broken Bones
Signs & Symptoms of a Broken Bone
Your child may have a broken bone if:
- you heard a "snap" or a grinding noise during an injury
- there's swelling, bruising, or tenderness
- the injured part is difficult to move or hurts when moving, being touched, or bearing weight
What to Do
- Remove clothing from the injured area.
- Apply an ice pack wrapped in cloth.
- Keep the injured limb in the position you find it.
- Place a simple splint, if you have one, on the broken area. A splint holds the bone still and protects it until the child is seen by the doctor. To make a temporary splint, you can use a small board, cardboard, or folded up newspapers and wrap it with an elastic bandage or tape.
- Get medical care and don't allow your child to eat or drink in case surgery is required.
Do Not Move Your Child and Call 911 Right Away If:
- You suspect a serious injury to the head, neck, or back.
- A broken bone comes through the skin. While waiting for help:
- Keep your child lying down.
- Do not wash the wound or push in any part that's sticking out.
Not every fracture can be prevented. But you can make a break less likely. Follow these tips:
- Use safety gates at bedroom doors and at both the top and bottom of stairs (for babies or toddlers).
- Follow helmet and safety gear rules for young athletes and any child riding a bicycle, tricycle, skateboard, scooter, or any type of skates and roller blades.
- Do not use infant walkers.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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